MACRO ASSESSMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF ACTIVITIES IN THE STATE FOREST HARVESTING
Terengganu is located on the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia is bordered by the State in the north, the State in the west and south. State Capacity is 1,295,566 hectares (forest information at December 31, 2008) and is an area of 544.118 hectares area is a permanent reserved forest (PRF). HSK area classified into several classifications according to intended use of the land (Section 10 of the National Forestry Act, 1984). One of these is the classification of timber production forest under sustained yield. This area is an area of 366.442 hectares and the rest of the area is classified as forest protection.
Terengganu State Forestry Department (JPNT) is committed to implement sustainable forest management system in accordance with the practices, guidelines, rules and compliance with the requirements of sustainable forest management certification (MC & I and MS ISO). The above awareness, responsibility and this needs assessment JPNT has implemented macro environmental impact of logging operations licensed in permanent forest areas for forest areas classified as production forest under sustained yield of timber.
Environmental impact assessment has been carried out by 'Environmental Impact Assessments Guidelines for Forestry, 1998 "issued by the Department of Environment (DOE) in cooperation with the Headquarters Forestry Department Peninsular Malaysia. It includes feasibility studies environmental impact, environmental management plan and proposed mitigation measures before, during and after logging operations. For the purpose of this study has been conducted in compartment 22, 4, and 19 Forest Hill Kesing (North Terengganu), compartment 28, 29 and 35 Setiu Forest Reserve, Forest compartment 111 Tembat (West Rajasthan), compartments 70, 71 and 58 Pasir Raja Forest Reserve (South Rajasthan).
Among the findings of a study carried Sciences, the impact on the environment are as follows:
a)The impact of forest damage forest road construction.
b)Social impact on the economy.
c)The loss of certain tree species in an area.
d)Soil erosion and sedimentation in the river.
e)Opening of tree crowns.
f)Changes in species distribution.
g)Changes in the composition of the top layer of soil biomass.
h)Changes and disruption to wildlife habitat.
i)Damage and loss of trees for wildlife food sources
k)Micro climate change (change of lighting, temperature, humidity, radiation and noise)
l)The impact on the population and the areas of interest to the local community.
m)Impact on unique or endemic tree species.
Proposed Mitigation and Environmental Management Plan to minimize impact on the surrounding environment are as follows:
a)Forest exploiting Plan Preparation (RMH).
b)Meet the specification requirements of the Guidelines for Forest Road, 1999.
c)Mapping out of the work area for the areas of water resources, area of interest to the local community and other areas in need of protection.
d)To comply with guidelines Low Impact Logging (RIL), 2003.
e)Had perform felling by felling limit.
f)Border control work area.
g)Protecting trees that have importance to wildlife.
h)Do not operate during the rainy season.
i)Meet the requirements of the department of surgery in the highlands and the river.
j)Create clear boundaries for areas that not be logged.
k)Create a sufficient buffer zone to control soil erosion and sedimentation in the river.
l)Creating sufficient drainage.
m)Carry out maintenance on the basis of the requirements specification forest roads.
n)Making the supervision of storage and use of chemicals, fuel and oil.
o)Minimizing lanes and alleys towing direction.
p)Conducting compliance enforcement.
The preparation of this report complements the department in implementing the Sustainable Forest Management Systems in addition to meeting the requirements of the National Environmental Policy to meet the social and economic progress, environmental sustainability and sustainable development.